This command was added to facilitate the exploitation process, by changing the permission rights on a specific page directly from the debugger.
GDB does not allow you to do that, so the command will modify a
code section of the binary being debugged, and add a native mprotect syscall
stub. For example, for x86, the following stub will be inserted:
pushad mov eax, mprotect_syscall_num mov ebx, address_of_the_page mov ecx, size_of_the_page mov edx, permission_to_set int 0x80 popad
A breakpoint is added following this stub, which when hit will restore the original context, allowing you to resume execution.
mprotect is an alias for
set-permission. As an example, to set the
READ|WRITE|EXECUTE on this binary,
gef➤ mprotect 0xfffdd000
Et voilà !
gef will use the memory runtime information to correctly adjust the protection
of the entire section.